Sri Lanka – Thing you should know about Sri Lanka

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In this article we’re talking about Sri Lanka Location, Where is Sri Lanka Located, Population of Sri Lanka, Capital of Sri Lanka, and Sri Lanka Flag.

Where is Sri Lanka?

Have you ever heard of Pearl of the Indian Ocean?

If not search and you will come across a tiny island Called Sri Lanka has situated in the Indian Ocean.

Sri Lanka has been named the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, and some call it the teardrop of the Indian ocean as well.

It is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful islands in the Indian Ocean.

The history says, there used to be a bridge that connected India and Sri Lanka, but with time it has disappeared.

The geographical location of the Island is at utmost importance to the country, due to its value when it comes to shipping and the weather.

Where is Sri Lanka on the map? Where is Ceylon?

where is sri lanka on the map

It placed right under the Indian the subcontinent. To be very precise, The Island locates in south-west of the Bay of Bengal and south-east of the Arabian sea

Sri Lanka separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait.

where is sri lanka on a map

What was it called before Sri Lanka?

Tamraparni is the name that used by King Vijaya, who was the first king of the Island. It means Copper-coloured leaf.

Later It adopted in Pali as Tambaparni. Also, the history says, it used to be called Sinhaladeepa during the time of King Vijaya. It derives from the fact that the King was from lion ancestry.

Another ancient name is Lankadeepa.

It is believe that Lankadeepa has used during the time of Gautama Buddha. Names like Lakdiva and Lakbima are also from that era.

In Indian literature, there are few names that have used to describe their neighboring Island.

In Kautilya’s, “Arthasastra” Sri Lanka has described as” Parasamudra” which means beyond the ocean. Greek history, names like “Palaesimoundu” and “Simoundu” has been used to describe Sri Lanka. Both those names derived from Parasamudra.

Some famous Greek historian has also referred to Sri Lanka as Taprobane.

The term derived from the name “Thambaparni”.

After the implementation of the Silk Route, the Arabs used the term Serendib to describe Sri Lanka. It means the Island of Rubies. 

However, the most famous historical name that comes to mind is Ceylon.

The country named Ceylon under the rulership of the British from 1815 to 1972.

The name Ceylon derived from the word Zealand or Seylan, which in return derived from the Arabic word Saheelan. 

Map of Sri Lanka

map of sri lanka

Capital Of Sri Lanka

Whenever anyone mentions Sri Lanka, It’s Colombo that comes to anyone’s mind.

But, Colombo is not the capital of the country.

The Capital of the country is Sri Jayawardhanepura Kotte.

Sri Lanka capital map
Map of the Sri Lanka Capital

It located within the Urban area of the country’s economic capital, Colombo.

Kotte is not just another urban city in the country, and it is a city which has filled with a lot of heritage and history.

The Kingdom of Kotte flourished and ruled over the whole country in the 15th century.

King Parakramabahu VI was the last King to unify the whole of Sri Lanka in 1450, and he chose Kotte as his Capital. It believed that during his ruling, Sri Lanka blossomed in literature.

Renown poets like Thotagamuwe Sri Rahula Thera lived during this era.

You could still find relics of the kingdom and the literature which has produced during that era is still be used and studied in the country.

However, it has slowly become a very modern city with all the facilities you need.

Also, the location of Kotte is ideal for people who work in Colombo, which makes it a heavily resident city in the country. 

Sri Lanka Flag

The current Sri Lankan flag adopted on the 22nd of May 1972. The designing done under the direction of Nissanka Wijeratne who was secretary to the Ministry of Cultural Affairs and Chairman of the National Emblem and Flag Design Committee.

Sri lanka flag

It mainly inspired by the flag of the Kingdom of Kandy, which used during the 18th century.

Each colour and each symbol has its own meaning.

The Saffron border and the four Bo leaves represent Buddhism which is the main religion of the country.

Four Bo leaves represent the four Buddhist concepts of Metta, Karuna, Mudita and Upeksha.

The orange strip represents Sri Lankan Tamils and the Green Represent Sri Lankan Muslims.

The Lions and the maroon background represent the majority of the country, which is the Sinhalese. 

The symbol of the lion goes back to 486 BC when King Vijaya, landed on this Island from Sinhapura (lion city).

Since then the lion symbol has been used in the flag. 

Sri Lankan Population 

As a tiny island of just 62,710 square kilometres, we have a fairly high population.

Currently its at 21,387,567 ( March 2020, according to

It estimated to rise above 21.4 by mid-year. The Sri Lanka Population is density is 341 per sq. Km.

However, the total population in Sri Lanka is equivalent to only 0.27% of the entire world population. 

Sri Lanka ranked at 58 in the list of countries by population, and the Median age in the country is 34 years. 

sri lanka population chart

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7 thoughts on “Sri Lanka – Thing you should know about Sri Lanka”

    1. Hi John,
      Sri Lankan’s native languages are Sinhala and Tamil. But, you would be surprised to see many Sri Lankans understand English. Its fair to say at least more than 20% of the population speak fluent English. Majority of that 20% lives in the Urban cities but, you could find people around the tourists hotspots talking and responding well with the tourists.
      Since many locals are dependent on tourism, they have no choice but to brush up their English knowledge. It is fair to say that you wouldn’t get lost asking for directions in English nor would you find it hard to converse as much as you would in any other south Asian country.

    1. Hi Tatyana,

      Sri Lanka is one of the safest destinations in south Asia. Last year, there was a terrorist attack which killed more 350 Catholics on Easter Sunday. This was a one off attack which was planned by a Extremist group but, now the government and the authorities have take all measurer to eradicate the threat and now it has been neutralized.

      Hence, there was big increase of tourist towards the latter part of December. Sri Lankan’s are known for their hospitality. They make sure to treat you with utmost respect and love at all times.

  1. Perfect destination for solo travelers. locals are so friendly and helpful. easy navigation through the country as well. Just be mindful when traveling in tuk-tuks because they charge too much. You can books ubers basically from anywhere. Trains are quite old but it serves the purpose.

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